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Digitalization and robotization capacity of the Spanish productive structure and the role of Public Administrations

For years now, the need to increase the degree of digitalization and the incorporation of robotics and artificial intelligence into economic activity, particularly in developed economies, has been assumed, not without certain fears. Undoubtedly, the COVID-19 pandemic has prioritized and accelerated this process. Therefore, the digitalization and automation of the companies that make up the Spanish productive fabric is presented not only as an opportunity, but also as a necessity for their growth and development. To this end, it is essential to analyze the potential degree of digitalization and automation of Spanish economic activity and the changes that need to be incorporated into it, as well as to study the factors that can facilitate it.  In all of this, the Public Sector must play an important twofold role. On the one hand, through the design of actions and policies of various kinds that encourage companies to work on their digitalization and automation. There are already experiences that can be analyzed.  On the other hand, the Public Sector itself must make an effort to digitalize. While it is true that much progress has already been made in this field, there is still much to be done. Learning from the experience of what has happened in other countries in this area is also of interest.

There is room for, among others, studies that analyze:

  • The degree of digitization and automation of the Spanish economic structure, and its comparison with European Union and OECD countries.
  • The potential capacity for digitalization and automation of the Spanish productive structure.
  • The impact on the labor market of these digitalization and automation processes.
  • The impact on the levels of social welfare, inequality and efficiency of the digitalization and automation processes.
  • The effectiveness and efficiency of public policies aimed at increasing the degree of digitization and automation.
  • Degree of digitization of the Spanish Public Sector and its comparison with EU and OECD countries.

Dra. Concepción Albarrán Fernández

Degree in Economics and PhD from the Autonomous University of Madrid.
Research Group Territory, History and Digital Cultural Heritage(TEHIPACD)
Professor of Economics and Business
Visiting Professor at the Catholic University of Angola.
Her research deals with the different interventions of the Public Sector in the economy.

Prof. Enrique Sánchez Solano

Graduate in Economics Science and Diploma of Advanced Studies from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM).
Member of the Research Group on Technologies and Methods for the Sustainable Management of the Natural, Rural and Urban Environment (TEMSUS).
Professor in the area of Economics and Business.
Research areas: Territorial Economics, Labor Economics and International Economics.

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